Prudent Risk Management of Oil and Gas Exposures

July 27, 2016

Prudent Risk Management of Oil and Gas Exposures

Printable Format:

FIL-49-2016 – PDF (PDF Help)


FDIC-supervised institutions with direct or indirect oil and gas (O&G) exposures are reminded to maintain sound underwriting standards, strong credit administration practices, and effective risk management strategies. When O&G related borrowers experience financial difficulties, the FDIC encourages financial institutions to work constructively with borrowers to strengthen the credits and to mitigate losses where possible.

Statement of Applicability to Institutions with Total Assets Under $1 Billion: This FIL applies to FDIC-supervised financial institutions that have exposures to the O&G industry.


  • O&G lending is complex and highly specialized due to factors such as global supply and demand, geopolitical uncertainty, weather-related disruptions, fluctuations and volatility in currency markets, and changes in environmental and other governmental policies. As such, companies and borrowers that are directly or indirectly tied to or reliant on the O&G industry frequently experience volatility within key operational areas of their businesses that will directly impact their financial condition and repayment capacity.
  • Lending for O&G exploration and production activities in particular requires conservative underwriting, appropriate structuring, experienced and knowledgeable lending staff, and sound loan administration practices.
  • For institutions doing business in O&G dependent areas that would be affected by volatility in commodity prices, prudent management of geographic, industry, and borrower concentrations is needed for sound risk management of such exposures. When reasonable diversification realistically cannot be achieved due to geographic or other factors, resultant concentrations may indicate the need for capital levels higher than the regulatory minimums.
  • FDIC-supervised banks are encouraged to work with borrowers who are adversely affected by a severe or protracted downturn in commodity prices in accordance with a well-conceived workout plan and effective internal controls to manage these loans.

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